VTrack Methodology

VTrack is a citizen-led violence tracking initiative by Kimpact Development Initiative (KDI) using a scientific approach (in-depth research) through data gathering by trained and deployed citizens to quantify violence most especially Electoral Violence and Gender-based Violence. This is aimed at providing an impartial voice on electoral violence and #GBV through citizen observation with the ultimate goal of ending the culture of impunity by documenting and publishing disaggregated data. Therefore, informing relevant stakeholders in numbers why security of lives and properties matters.

VTrack has some major aspect of monitoring:
▪️The Nigeria Election Violence Report (NEVR)
▪️Gender-based Violence Monitoring

NEVR background

Perusing the development of democracy and election in Nigeria, one notable characteristics is electoral violence which has become a major topic of discussion among civil societies and international organizations. The growing interest in electoral violence and its mitigation has led to an increasing number of activities to examine the causes, consequences and possible ways of mitigating electoral violence, one of which is the Nigeria Election Violence Report (NEVR) project. The Nigeria Election Violence Report (NEVR) is a project supported by the International Foundation for Electoral System (IFES) which is aimed at increasing awareness of and accountability for electoral violence through the Civil Society Organization (CSO) conflict monitoring, public education and advocacy in Nigeria. It is a holistic, human-centered approach to support local partners on their efforts to monitor, mitigate and share information on electoral violence in other to provide an impartial voice on electoral violence through citizen observation with the ultimate goal of ending the menace of electoral violence by documenting and publishing disaggregated electoral violence data. It approaches electoral violence by quantifying it through in-depth research and data gathering from trained monitors and citizen observers. The Nigeria Election Violence Report project aims to develop the capacity of civil society to monitor, analyze and respond to incidents of election-related conflict before, during and after elections in Nigeria, promotes collaboration and dialogue between election stakeholders to mitigate and/or prevent election violence.


Violence arising from the inherently competitive nature of elections, as well as existing insecure environments they frequently take place in, is a common challenge to the integrity of elections. Nigeria Election Violence Report is a subset of IFES’ Election Violence Education and Resolution (EVER) project (implemented in 14 countries: Bangladesh, Burundi, Ghana, Guyana, Indonesia, Iraq, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Maldives, Nepal, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Senegal and Timor-Leste) uses a holistic methodology, human-centered approach to support local partners in their efforts to monitor, mitigate and share information on electoral violence. The NEVR methodology provides a framework for systematic information gathering, standards for verification, and analysis of tensions and community indicators. NEVR brings together organizations, election officials, government leaders, and Civil Society Organizations to build capacity so they can work together to promote and ensure violence-free elections. Specific NEVR activities have focused on conducting risk assessments, mapping, monitoring and reporting, advocacy, early warning signals, and public education. Training modules, online tools and data management systems, advocacy guidelines, public reporting tips, and other tailored products are being implemented based on partner and country needs.


Community-based monitors are trained to document violence, track indicators, measure levels of tension, and build relationships with government, law enforcement, political and community leaders


Collected data is analyzed and published in regular reports with alerts or calls for action as needed. Reporting increases public accountability for those who commit or fuel violence.


Mitigation strategies are based on available data, location context and need analyses. IFES has worked with partners to design and implement targeted advocacy campaigns, peace initiatives programs for community peace during and after elections.


NEVR has implementing tools such as SMS, online mapping and early warning signals to communities to facilitate the speed and reach of information gathered by community-based monitors.


NEVR is of immerse benefit to the development of democracy in Nigeria of which some are herein outlined 1: Increase capacity, skills and tools in conflict, monitoring, reporting and analysis 2: Improved techniques and strategies for corporation, information sharing, early warning and advocacy 3: Sustainable networks and partnerships 4: Public accountability, for perpetrators of violence These information fueled advocacies and actions in response to potential conflicts and enabled local and national leaders to promote peace in identified hot spots.